Breed Name: Dachshund
Easily guessed by its stubby legs and long body, the Dachshund dog breed was used as hunting dogs in ancient times. Also known as sausage dog, doxie, wiener dog, or hot dog, this dog breed has an energetic and brave personality. There are three variations available in dachshunds with varied sizes and coat texture. This cute small dog breed indeed leaves a lasting impression.
Size – Small
Weight – 11-32 pounds
Height – Male: Standard 15 to 19 inches, Miniature 13 to 15 inches, Rabbit 11 to 13 inches; Female: Standard 14 to 18 inches, Miniature 14 to 16 inches, Rabbit 9.8 to 11.8 inches
Life Expectancy: 12 to 16 years
Breed Price: Rs 70,000 to Rs 10,000 (in India)
A well-developed Dachshund has a muscular and long body and short stubby legs. Its deep chest offers enough space for lung capacity and heart development. Smooth dachshunds typically feature shiny, short coats with a variety of patterns and colors, ranging from cream or solid red, merle with light and dark color, black and tan, brindle with dark stripes and a lighter base, etc. The longhaired variation comes with a shiny, sleek, probably wavy coat that's under the body, neck, and behind the ears and longer on the ears. While the wirehaired variety features a thick, short, and hard top coat that has a wiry texture.
Don’t be distracted by this little structure and friendly face – the dachshund breed has long been a violent hunter. This seeking dog was first seen in Germany. Although its origins can be traced back to the 15th century, the development of the dog actually began in Germany in the 17th century. The Dach refers to badger and the hund refers to dog.
The Dachshund first developed was born in two sizes. In the past, the standard size continued to hunt badgers and wild boar, while the miniatures chased foxes and hares. In Germany, there is also a medium-sized Dachshund. Its slender, long body along with a courageous and smart personality may breed an alarming opponent for foxes, hares, and badgers.
The breed was moved to America as early as 1885 it was recognized by the AKC, but it was famed and enhanced in the 1930s and 1940s. Also known as wiener races, Dachshund is famous in some locations for amusement.
The Dachshund breed is a formation of German breeders and comprises aspects of German, English, and French terriers and hounds, but originally from Germany.
Breed Type - Family/guard:
Being a friendly and playful dog breed, Dachshunds make great pets for a novice pet lover. However, since these dogs do not get along well with cats and other dogs, it is important to learn to socialize. In essence, the Dachshund can be a good family pet, but this is not always the case.
They probably love being your only puppy. Additionally, it may be difficult for this breed to live indoors with small children as they tend to have very rough behavior and may bite. Like other dog breeds, they should not be left unsupervised with small children.
Noticeable and energetic with a deep, booming voice, Dachshunds will eventually bark the alarm at friends and guests at the sight of them. Regardless of their size, the Dachshund tends to be quite alert and protective, making it an excellent watchdog.
Although the Dachshund is loved for its courageous and intelligent personality, it can have a tendency to be protective, guarded, and protective. Most dachshunds are popular for their tendency to bark, they do best with obedience and positive reinforcement training.
Use toys, special treats, and plenty of praise to encourage your dog. Since the breed likes to receive and give affection, they do well with treat-based training. Remember that reprimands or harsh commands can sensitize your Dachshund. Also, keep their training sessions quick and short.
If your pet becomes distracted by smells or sounds and loses patience during training, it is advisable to take a short break and resume their training later. Since Dachshunds have a strong nose, they respond well to scent-based games. Try playing hide and seek with rewards to get their attention and provide them with mental stimulation.
Health & Care:
While considered a healthy dog breed, the dachshund can develop certain health conditions, such as Intervertebral disc disease, Diabetes mellitus, Gastric dilatation-volvulus, Epilepsy, etc. If not properly exercised and fed, your dog can lead to severe health problems. Obviously, not all Dachshunds will suffer from serious health conditions, but it is important to pay attention to all these common conditions when choosing this breed.
Additionally, dachshunds are susceptible to obesity, leading to server back issues. It's useful following for the breed to follow a strict diet and daily exercise. Even if they are small, dachshunds require regular exercise to build powerful muscles to protect and support their backs and stay fit. You will need to be determined, and you can wish to utilize crate training.
Considered an adaptable breed, the Dachshund can make an ideal pet for the home, especially if there are not too many stairs. Although powerful and energetic, the breed remains completely content inside, as long as its owner is nearby and requires ample play.
Their small size makes them perfect for the elderly and apartment dwellers. Note: Since dachshunds are tenacious, having evolved as working hunting dogs, they may have this trait to bother you at home.
Dachshunds are extremely prone to build obesity. It is advisable to give your dog regular daily walks of at least 15 minutes, along with playtime and fun activities such as puzzle toys, earth dogs, nose work, scent tracking, and interactive feeders. You should also pay attention to avoiding overfeeding your pet.
Depending on their hair coat, the grooming requirements of the dachshund breed vary. While the long-haired varieties require regular brushing but do not require professional grooming, the smooth variety has a higher amount of hair shedding, so they require frequent grooming. Most Dachshunds should be bathed as little as needed.
Additionally, regular, timely nail trimming should be performed to prevent problems associated with the dog's claws. Their floppy ears also require care to keep away from mites and infections. To maintain oral hygiene, it is recommended to brush the dog's teeth two or three times a week.